The Eskimo Dog is a member of the Spitz group of northern dogs. The breed, which has great strength and stamina, has lived and worked in north west Canada, Alaska and in Greenland for well over a thousand years. The Inuits used them as sled dogs as did early traders, trappers and missionaries who depended upon them.
As a breed they have been used by explorers in the Arctic and Antarctic. In 1911 teams of Eskimo dogs helped the Norwegian explorer, Roald Amundsen, in his dash to reach the South Pole before Captain Robert Scott.
Eskimo Dogs have long been favoured by teams of surveyors when working in the Antarctic. A team of dogs can pull loads of up to 300 kg for as much as eight hours at a time, and are preferred to motor transport as they can often reach places which are inaccessible to vehicles. However, there is now a move to return these dogs from the Antarctic to their original home territories in the north.
The breed began to decline in numbers in the 1920’s from many thousand to just a few hundred due to the introduction of the ski-plane and the snowmobile. Since the 1970’s with the help of the authorities in Greenland and the Canadian Kennel Club, efforts have been made to re-establish the breed.
In order that the traditions of the Eskimo people do not die out many schools in north-west Canada have dog sleding as one of the subjects on the curriculum. It is becoming a popular sport in the British Isles with sled dog rallies taking place in Scotland and north Wales.
The Eskimo Dog is one of the few breeds which does not bark. It does however make a noise sounding like “wow wow” – as if they are trying to be conversationalists!
The breed’s feeding habits are also different from most other breeds. When on the trail if food is available they are fed every day, while at the home they are probably only fed once or twice a week.
The Bichon Frise is a charming puffball of a dog with a loosely curled double coat consisting of a textured outer coat lined with a soft, fine, silky undercoat that is 3 to 4 inches (7-10cm.) long and is virtually hypo-allergenic.
It is usually all white, but cream, gray or apricot hairs are permitted.
It can be shown clipped like a poodle or long-haired with clippings only at the feet and muzzle. This breed should be trimmed for a rounded appearance.
It has a moderate muzzle that is not pointed. Its stop is only slightly accentuated. It has a scissors bite with round dark intelligent eyes and hanging ears that are well covered with hair.
The neck is long and the chest is well developed. Its tail is curved over its back.
The Bichon is a most appealing little white dog that loves human company. It has an independent spirit, is intelligent, affectionate, bold and lively.
This charming, gentle dog is not a yapper. It has a self-assured, happy temperament that is easy to live with. These bright little dogs are easy to train and just plain old love everyone. They need people to be happy.
They are naturally sociable and are happiest when they are part of a family that takes them everywhere. This sociable trait also means that they are fine in the company of other dogs & pets and are excellent with children.
Used as watchdogs and to perform tricks, this breed is competitive and obedient. Like a lot of smaller breeds, the Bichon may be difficult to housebreak.
The Bichon Frise was one of the “Yuppie Puppies” very popular in the 1980’s. As a result many were carelessly over-bred and some Bichon lines can be snippy.
When seeking a Bichon be sure to find a reputable breeder to get the best personality traits this breed has to offer.
This tuxedo-clad little dog is a native American breed. The Boston Terrier was developed as a cross between a British Bulldog and a white English Terrier. Originally known as “Round Heads” or “Bull Terriers”, the name was changed to Boston Terrier after the city of Boston, Massachusetts, where the majority of fanciers resided.
A smooth coated, short headed compactly built medium sized dog, the Boston Terrier conveys an impression of determination, strength and activity with a style of high order and a graceful and easy carriage. His captivating expression is alert, kind and intelligent with large round dark eyes.
The ideal coat colour is brindle, although black is allowable, with a white muzzle, even white blaze over the head, white collar, breast and forelegs, and white hind socks. The coat is easy care, being short, smooth, lustrous and fine in texture.
Known as the American gentleman of dogs, the Boston is lively and intelligent, but also determined and strong willed. He has a characteristically gentle disposition which makes him an ideal easy care companion and house pet for adults or older children. Excellent watchdogs, the Boston will bark at intruders but their lack of size prohibits them from being guard dogs.